spines: 0. Snout short, conical, with small, stout terminal scute; ventral surface of the snout and suborbital region mostly bare; mandibular rami with loose scales along the midline of each ramus; cephalic pores of the lateralis system indistinct. Pyloric caeca 17 to 23. Body scales fairly large with conical to narrowly lanceolate spinules in as many as 15 convergent rows. Overall color is reddish brown, abdominal region bluish black; orbit ringed black; oral and branchial cavities blackish; fins light, first dorsal fin black distally.