Inhabit shallow coastal waters as well as freshwater regions of rivers (Ref. 41299). Omnivorous (Ref. 9137). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Alien. Invasive. In Azov Sea, it is now the most abundant mugilid species. Along shores of Black Sea, its expansion corresponds to a sharp decline of native species of Mugilidae, which it apparently replaces. (Ref. 59043).