Found in bays, mangrove estuaries, tidal creeks, and lower reaches of freshwater streams (Ref. 2847, 44894, 48636); occasionally in silty coastal reefs (Ref. 9710). Feeds on plankton and detritus (Ref. 5213, 44894). Commonly seen in schools (Ref. 44894); small juveniles either solitary or in small aggregations (Ref. 48635). Highly territorial (Ref. 9710). Caught with throw nets (Ref. 30573).