Adults inhabit clear, fast-flowing streams, frequently in rapids or pools below them (Ref. 5259, 44894). Benthic feeder: various shrimps, earthworm, algae. Maturity: F, 17 cm SL; M, 23 cm SL. Spawning: mid October to early November after rainy periods; temp. Of 24?C. Fecundity: 115,000 eggs per female. Eggs: pelagic, 4.2-4.3 mm diameter. Hatching: 36 hours (Ref. 2906, 44894). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205). Aquarium conditions: pH=7, H=8, 25?C, rock and plant cover (Ref. 6398).