Found over soft bottoms of the continental shelf, often inshore and in estuaries. Also pelagic and encountered throughout the water column (Ref. 9626). May feed on plankton by ram-filtering. Juveniles feed mainly on planktonic crustaceans and chaetognaths, to a minor extent on benthic crustaceans and polychaetes, besides scales taken from larger fishes (Ref. 30206, 40402). Generally spawns in summer. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 35237). Marketed mostly fresh.