Inhabit coastal waters, including estuaries and rivers (Ref. 5213). Young fish frequent estuaries and also ascend rivers and coastal creeks (Ref. 2847). Feed on algae, diatoms, detritus, and crustaceans (Ref. 9812). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Caught during the spawning period (Ref. 9812). Other methods include the use of stakenets, pouch nets, and barrier nets (Ref. 9812).