spines: 0. Head almost completely scaled, except for the underside of the snout and anteriorly on the mandibular rami. Snout short, pointed, with stout conical tubercle at its tip and lateral angles; suborbital ridge prominent; mouth small; chin barbel very small. Scales rather deciduous; body scales with slender spinules in 7 to 19 parallel rows. Pyloric caeca 11 to 14, about half of orbit diameter, directed anteriorly. Overall color is purplish brown, lighter ventrally on head and trunk; oral and branchial cavities blackish; fins blackish.