European brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri) fish profile and information / pictures of European brook lamprey - Lampetra planeri

European brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri) fish profile

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Scientific Name Lampetra planeri
Classified By Bloch, 1784
Common Name European brook lamprey
Class Lampreys (Cephalaspidomorphi)
Order Lampreys (Petromyzontiformes)
Family Lampreys (Petromyzontidae)
Biology Found in the lowland, piedmont and montane zone in clear, well oxygenated brooks. Lives exclusively in freshwater; in middle and upper reaches of small streams and rivers, occasionally in lakes. Larvae lie buried in the substrate while adults live in the open water. Larvae of this species can serve as mid-term bio-indicators. They live in detritus-rich sands or clay sediments. Filter feeding larvae, non-feeding adults. Reproduction takes place upstream, from April to May. Because of its small size and the mediocre quality of its meat, it is rarely fished. The larvae are utilized as bait.
Climate Subtropical
Water Temperature From - Celcius 1 °C
Water Temperature To - Celcius 15 °C
Depth From - meters Unknown m
Depth To - meters Unknown m
Zone demersal
Distribution Europe: Great Britain north to Scottish highlands, rivers draining to North Sea north to Scotland and about Stavanger , Baltic Sea basin, Atlantic as far south as Adour drainage and isolated populations in Sado, Tagus and Douro drainages , Mediterranean basin in France and western Italy. Locally in Ireland, upper Volga, upper Danube and some of their tributaries and Pescara drainage on Adriatic coast of Italy. Appendix III of the Bern Convention.
Region Europe
Range 68°N - 36°N, 10°W - 50°E
Maximum Length 20.0 cm
Common Length 16.0 cm
Environment Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous
Vulnerability Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)
Resilience Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16; tm=6-7; tmax=7; Fec=800 (semelparous))
Threat To Humans Harmless
IUCN Red List Status Least Concern (LC)
Human Uses Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums; bait: usually
Phylogenetic Diversity Index PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
Trophic Level 4.07 s.e. 0.69 Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Is kept in Aquariums True
Occurs in Marine / Salt water False
Occurs in Brackish water False
Occurs in Fresh Water True
Occurs on Reefs False